Miscellaneous about space-rockets, missile-weapons and others


Eastern Europe


 United States of America


North Korea


 "Semyorka" launch history


U.S. space-rocket liquid propellant engines


The North-Korean/Iranian Nodong-Shahab missile family


Russian space-rocket liquid propellant engines


Variants of the "stage and a half" drive system (MA) of the U.S. Atlas rocket


North Korea's Unha SLV second stage engines


Ukrainian space-rocket liquid propellant engines


SpaceX Merlin-1 rocket engine evolution


North Korea is developing a new large space launch vehicle (Unha-X)


Energomash RD-170 rocket engine family


Evolution of the U.S. Centaur upper stage


North Korea's RD-250 replica, the powerful "Pektusan" engine


Energomash RD-120 rocket engine family


Evolution of the cryogenic upper stage engine P&W RL-10


The North Korean HS-10 ("Musudan") missile is based on the Soviet R-27 SLBM


Kuznetsov NK rocket engine family


Propulsion and History of the U.S. Agena upper stage


North Korea's HS-12 LRBM


KB Isayev rocket engines


The unique Little Joe booster rockets


North Korea's HS-12 derivative, the HS-12A


KB Isayev spacecraft-propulsion blocks (KTDU)


U.S. Pershing-I and Pershing-II missiles


North Korea's new HS-16 LRBM


Evolution of PO Lavochkin's space tug "Fregat"


ATK Thiokol's solid fuel motors


North Korea's HS-14 LRBM


Evolution of the Semyorka second stage (Block-I)


ATK Thiokol's solid fuel STAR motors


North Korea's new hypersonic glider missile Hwasong-14A


Proton-M upper stage "Breeze" (Briz)


P&W's solid fuel motor ORBUS


Did North Korea really develop a true Hypersonic Glide Vehicle ?


Evolution of operational Block-D


 Some U.S. VTVL demonstrators (Armadillo/Masten & Delta-Clipper DC-X)


North Korea's  questionable HS-15 ICBM


Molniya launcher, Block-L upper stage


The Truax X-3 "Volksrocket"


North Korea's new really HS-15A  ICBM


Vostok launcher, Block-E upper stage




North Korea's questionable HS-17 ICBM


BV "Volga" and relationships to other propulsion units



North Korea's new really HS-17A ICBM


R-16 missile engine RD-217 and its derivative




North Korea's canceled HS-13 LRBM


Soviet liquid-fuel missiles of  R & UR designation


Chinese DF-3 missile


North Korea's Pukguksong-1 solid-fuel SLBM


Important Soviet solid fuel missiles      + Ukrainian "Grom"


Chinese DF-5 missile


North Korea's Pukguksong-1mod solid-fuel SLBM


The first Soviet SAM-system V-300 (Berkut)


China's important solid-fuel Dongfeng (DF) missiles


North Korea's Pukguksong-2 solid-fuel GLBM


SAM-system S-75 missiles (Dvina, Desna, Volkhov, 5Ya23)


The striking similarity of some Chinese and Pakistani solid fuel missiles


North Korea's Pukguksong-3 and 3A solid-fuel SLBM


Soviet Ramjet projects Burya and Buran


Chinese SpaB solid fuel aerospace motors


North Korea's Pukguksong-4 and -5 solid-fuel GLBM




China's Sace Tugs


North Korea's Pukguksong-6 solid-fuel GLBM




 History of China's YF-21/24 rocket engines


North Korea's Pukguksong solid-fuel GLBM-1


Western Europe


  China's next generation of rocket engines


North Korea's Pukguksong  solid-fuel GLBM-2


European space-rocket liquid propellant engines




North Korea's Pukguksong  solid-fuel GLBM-3


German long-range rocket A-4 and their derivations




North Korea's Pukguksong solid-fuel MLRS


History of post-war rockets on base German "Wasserfall"


 South Korea


North Korea's indigenous developmented solid-fuel rocket motor "PS110"


German OTRAG rocket  project


 What is the South Korean new missile ?


  North Korea's indigenous developmented solid-fuel rocket motor "PS180"


Early French EOLE, Veronique and Vesta rockets




  NADA's small HS-7 based launcher for a satellite-camera test


VEGA's solid rocket motors




North Korea's new solid-fuel LRBM (HS-18)


Italy's former SLBM "Alfa"


      North Korea's mysterious "Chollima-1" launcher


Poland's forgotten "Meteor" sounding rocket program








IR Iran


India & Japan


Iraqi homemade Al-Samoud SRM


Iran's new space launch vehicle "Simorgh IRILV"


Asian space-rocket liquid propellant engines


Iraqi homemade Al-Fat'h SRM


The Simorgh Saman-1 kick-stage


India's liqid-propellant SRBM "Prithvi"


Iraqi BADR-2000 missile project


Iran's first space launch vehicle "Safir IRILV"


India's solid-fuel missile "Agni"


U.A.R. Egypt's former missile development program


Insights into the origin and evolution of the Iranian Safir rocket


India's VIKAS engines and its relationships


Lebanon's forgotten "Cedar" rocket program


Iran's Sejil missile


India's GSLV cryogenic upper stage (CUSP)




Iran's Seji-2 LRBM


India's VIKAS engines and its relationship


Crewed suborbital vehicles (Virgin Galactic & Blue Origin)


Salman TVC solid-fuel rocket motor


India's solid rocket motors for PSLV and GSLV




Iran's mysterious missile "Khorramshahr"


India's Human Space Program


Soviet "Scud" missile family


Iran's Imam Khomeini Space Launch Center (IKSLC)




The Yemeni Burkan missile riddle


Iran's circular first launch site "Semnan"


  JAXA's SRB-A and SRB-3 solid fuel motors  

Iranian and Yemeni cruise missiles


Iran's first space launch center near Sharoud for its" Ghaem" SLV project)



 Overview of "Iskander"-like SRBM's                       (+ "Kinschal")


Iran's liquid fuel suborbital rocket "Kavoshgar-8"



Soviet R-27 SLBM and the reuse of its steering engines by North Korea and Iran


Iran's future human space program



Iran's newest missilles "Khyber Shekan" and "Fattah" in  the Fateh-category



 Iran's "Soleimani" missile in this category