Miscellaneous about space-rockets, missile-weapons and others


Eastern Europe


 United States of America


North Korea


 "Semyorka" launch history


U.S. space-rocket liquid propellant engines


The North-Korean/Iranian Nodong-Shahab missile family


Russian space-rocket liquid propellant engines


Variants of the "stage and a half" drive system (MA) of the U.S. Atlas rocket


North Korea's Unha SLV second stage engines


Ukrainian space-rocket liquid propellant engines


SpaceX Merlin-1 rocket engine evolution


North Korea is developing a new large space launch vehicle (Unha-X)


Energomash RD-170 rocket engine family


Evolution of the U.S. Centaur upper stage


The North Korean HS-10 ("Musudan") missile is based on the Soviet R-27 SLBM


Energomash RD-120 rocket engine family


Evolution of the cryogenic upper stage engine P&W RL-10


 North Korea's HS-12 ICBM


Kuznetsov NK rocket engine family


Propulsion and History of the U.S. Agena upper stage


North Korea's newest HS-14 ICBM


KB Isayev rocket engines


The unique Little Joe booster rockets


North Korea's ultimate HS-15 ICBM


KB Isayev spacecraft-propulsion blocks (KTDU)


U.S. Pershing-I and Pershing-II missiles


North Korea's questionable HS-16 ICBM


Evolution of PO Lavochkin's space tug "Fregat"


ATK Thiokol's solid fuel motors


North Korea's canceled HS-13 ICBM


Evolution of the Semyorka second stage (Block-I)


ATK Thiokol's solid fuel STAR motors


North Korea's Pukguksong-1 solid-fuel SLBM


Proton-M upper stage "Breeze" (Briz)


P&W's solid fuel motor ORBUS


North Korea's Pukguksong-2 solid-fuel GLBM


Evolution of operational Block-D


 Some U.S. VTVL demonstrators (Armadillo/Masten & Delta-Clipper DC-X)


North Korea's Pukguksong-3 solid-fuel SLBM


Molniya launcher, Block-L upper stage


The Truax X-3 "Volksrocket"


North Korea's Pukguksong-4 solid-fuel GLBM   --------> and PS-5


Vostok launcher, Block-E upper stage




North Korea's Pukguksong solid-fuel GLBM-1


BV "Volga" and relationships to other propulsion units



North Korea's Pukguksong  solid-fuel GLBM-2


R-16 missile engine RD-217 and its derivative




North Korea's Pukguksong  solid-fuel GLBM-3


Soviet liquid-fuel missiles of  R & UR designation


Chinese DF-3 missile


North Korea's Pukguksong solid-fuel MLRS


Important Soviet solid fuel missiles      + Ukrainian "Grom"


Chinese DF-5 missile


North Korea's indigenous developmented solid-fuel rocket motor "PS110"


The first Soviet SAM-system V-300 (Berkut)


China's important solid-fuel Dongfeng (DF) missiles




SAM-system S-75 missiles (Dvina, Desna, Volkhov, 5Ya23)


The striking similarity of some Chinese and Pakistani solid fuel missiles




Soviet Ramjet projects Burya and Buran


Chinese SpaB solid fuel aerospace motors


IR Iran




China's Sace Tugs


Iran's new space launch vehicle "Simorgh IRILV"




 History of China's YF-21/24 rocket engines


The Simorgh Saman-1 kick-stage


Western Europe


  China's next generation of rocket engines


Iran's first space launch vehicle "Safir IRILV"


European space-rocket liquid propellant engines




Insights into the origin and evolution of the Iranian Safir rocket


German long-range rocket A-4 and their derivations




Iran's Sejil missile


History of post-war rockets on base German "Wasserfall"




Iran's Seji-2 LRBM


German OTRAG rocket  project


Iraqi homemade Al-Samoud SRM


Salman TVC solid-fuel rocket motor


Early French EOLE, Veronique and Vesta rockets


Iraqi homemade Al-Fat'h SRM


Iran's mysterious missile "Khorramshahr"


VEGA's solid rocket motors


Iraqi BADR-2000 missile project


Iran's Imam Khomeini Space Launch Center (IKSLC)


Italy's former SLBM "Alfa"


U.A.R. Egypt's former missile development program


Iran's circular first launch site "Semnan"


Poland's forgotten "Meteor" sounding rocket program


Lebanon's forgotten "Cedar" rocket program


Iran's missile launch complex near Shahrud (ISSLC)






Iran's liquid fuel suborbital rocket "Kavoshgar-8"


India & Japan


Crewed suborbital vehicles (Virgin Galactic & Blue Origin)


Iran's future human space program


Asian space-rocket liquid propellant engines




Iran's new "Soleimani" missile


India's liqid-propellant SRBM "Prithvi"






India's solid-fuel missile "Agni"






India's VIKAS engines and its relationships




Soviet "Scud" missile family


India's GSLV cryogenic upper stage (CUSP)




The Yemeni Burkan missile riddle


India's VIKAS engines and its relationship




Iranian and Yemeni cruise missiles


India's solid rocket motors for PSLV and GSLV




 Overview of Iskander-like SRBM's


 JAXA's SRB-A and SRB-3 solid fuel motors




Soviet R-27 SLBM and the reuse of its steering engines by North Korea and Iran